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Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) List Serve

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Welcome to the database of past Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) list serve messages (10,000+). The table below contains all past CMRL messages (text only, no attachments) from Nov. 20, 1996 - September 14, 2018 and is updated quarterly.

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Message ID: 9191
Date: 2012-06-12

Author:NCCPRaol.com

Subject:Re: Reasonable Efforts data

Our first report on child welfare in Michigan includes a summary of a survey of Michigan judges on this topic. Among the survey findings: 40 percent of the judges admitted that they checked the box on the relevant form stating that "reasonable efforts" had been made even when the judges believed this was not the case. In half of those instances, the judges said they did this because, under Michigan law, if the federal government didn't help pay for the placement (which it won't do in the absence of a "reasonable efforts" determination), the county would have to pick up that part of the cost. The survey is discussed on Page 33 of our report: http://www.nccpr.org/reports/michigan1976.pdf and Endnote #72 includes a link to the full survey. Richard Wexler Executive Director National Coalition for Child Protection Reform 53 Skyhill Road (Suite 202) Alexandria VA 22314 703-212-2006 www.nccpr.org In a message dated 6/11/2012 8:56:59 P.M. Eastern Daylight Time, dfmcmahon1@msn.com writes: One possibility would be to contact public defender programs. Most are not going to have anything but possibly model programs have looked at this. Sheri McMahon ND ________________________________ Subject: Re: Reasonable Efforts data From: tzuel@umn.edu Date: Fri, 8 Jun 2012 10:53:14 -0500 To: child-maltreatment-research-l@list.cornell.edu In Minnesota there have been rulings against CW agencies over the years but like Peggy said there is a lot of variation and interpretation issues across counties. Added to this is difference in RE under ICWA. With the high number of ICWA CW cases in the state it becomes very complex. I am reminded of a Cook County CW court study done over several years and there were big differences even within the same court system/county. Timothy B. Zuel, PhD Sent from IPhone On Jun 8, 2012, at 1:53 AM, Peggy Taylor > wrote: Rose, It's been several years, but I did some research on this and the only literature I could locate about reasonable efforts findings was in the legal literature. There were several interesting discussions of the legal issues, but I don't recall if there was data or not. Anecdotally, I have heard of very few instances of reasonable efforts rulings against the state or the private child welfare agencies in Kansas. There are considerable differences in CW practice among the judicial districts. And I suspect there are considerable differences in legal outcomes when families retain private counsel. But I don't know of any available data. On Tue, Jun 5, 2012 at 9:56 AM, Rose Wentz > wrote: I am looking for data on how frequently judges rule against the child welfare agency on the reasonable efforts requirement. I would like to know both for RE to prevent removal and RE to provide reunification services. Does anyone know if there is a source or if someone has done an assessment on this? Overall data would be great but even better if there is information why the judge made the ruling. Thank you, Rose Wentz Rose@WentzTraining.com 206 579-8615

Our first report on child welfare in Michigan includes a summary of a survey of Michigan judges on this topic. Among the survey findings: 40 percent of the judges admitted that they checked the box on the relevant form stating that "reasonable efforts" had been made even when the judges believed this was not the case. In half of those instances, the judges said they did this because, under Michigan law, if the federal government didn't help pay for the placement (which it won't do in the absence of a "reasonable efforts" determination), the county would have to pick up that part of the cost. The survey is discussed on Page 33 of our report: http://www.nccpr.org/reports/michigan1976.pdf and Endnote #72 includes a link to the full survey. Richard Wexler Executive Director National Coalition for Child Protection Reform 53 Skyhill Road (Suite 202) Alexandria VA 22314 703-212-2006 www.nccpr.org In a message dated 6/11/2012 8:56:59 P.M. Eastern Daylight Time, dfmcmahon1msn.com writes: One possibility would be to contact public defender programs. Most are not going to have anything but possibly model programs have looked at this. Sheri McMahon ND ________________________________ Subject: Re: Reasonable Efforts data From: tzuelumn.edu Date: Fri, 8 Jun 2012 10:53:14 -0500 To: child-maltreatment-research-llist.cornell.edu In Minnesota there have been rulings against CW agencies over the years but like Peggy said there is a lot of variation and interpretation issues across counties. Added to this is difference in RE under ICWA. With the high number of ICWA CW cases in the state it becomes very complex. I am reminded of a Cook County CW court study done over several years and there were big differences even within the same court system/county. Timothy B. Zuel, PhD Sent from IPhone On Jun 8, 2012, at 1:53 AM, Peggy Taylor > wrote: Rose, It's been several years, but I did some research on this and the only literature I could locate about reasonable efforts findings was in the legal literature. There were several interesting discussions of the legal issues, but I don't recall if there was data or not. Anecdotally, I have heard of very few instances of reasonable efforts rulings against the state or the private child welfare agencies in Kansas. There are considerable differences in CW practice among the judicial districts. And I suspect there are considerable differences in legal outcomes when families retain private counsel. But I don't know of any available data. On Tue, Jun 5, 2012 at 9:56 AM, Rose Wentz > wrote: I am looking for data on how frequently judges rule against the child welfare agency on the reasonable efforts requirement. I would like to know both for RE to prevent removal and RE to provide reunification services. Does anyone know if there is a source or if someone has done an assessment on this? Overall data would be great but even better if there is information why the judge made the ruling. Thank you, Rose Wentz RoseWentzTraining.com 206 579-8615