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Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) List Serve

Database of Past CMRL Messages

Welcome to the database of past Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) list serve messages. The table below contains all past CMRL messages (text only, no attachments) from Nov. 20, 1996 - March 6, 2018 and is updated quarterly.

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Message ID: 8933
Date: 2011-09-01

Author:Dr. Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D PA

Subject:Re: risk assessment tools

I will check this out, thanks. I asked because the research I have seen so far permits an evaluator to rate/place a parent/family into a risk category (low, medium, hi). That's useful for a CPS worker who wants to assign services to a family. However, I am looking for information that a court appointed expert can use to 'get his teeth into', looking at the details of these instruments. For example, ---what is the positive predictive power of a "high score"? ---What is the inter-rater reliability of the instrument? --- what is the predictive validity, in terms of future abuse reports? --- what is the predictive validity, in terms of substantiation? --- what is the predictive validity, in terms of parenting plan compliance, and eventaul success/failure? ---sensitivity? ---specificity? These are the research-oriented questions that I haven't found answered (yet, anyway). Bruce On Wed, Aug 31, 2011 at 6:22 PM, Kristen Johnson > wrote: A number of other child welfare agencies in the U.S. and abroad use actuarial risk assessment in the way described in NY. Actuarial risk assessment is also useful as a guide for determining the intensity of service provision. As mentioned previously, risk assessment is not appropriate for making placement decisions. A full understanding of its strengths and limitations is necessary for determining appropriate use of the information (and appropriate research questions). CRC staff have conducted some validation studies (see http://www.nccd-crc.org/crc/crc/c_index_main.html, publications and newsletters for additional information about risk assessment), and the University of Iowa conducted a validation for the state child welfare agency for which we were consulted. You also may be interested in the following: Johnson, W. (2005). Effects of a research-based risk assessment on racial/ethnic disproportionality in service prevision decisions. In D. Derezotes, J. Poertner & M. F. Testa (Eds.), Race Matters in Child Welfare: The Overrepresentation of African American Children in the System. Washington, D.C.: CWLA. If you have any questions about the equity, validity and use of risk assessments, or would like citations regarding methodology, please feel free to contact me at any time. Kristen Johnson, Ph.D. The National Council on Crime & Delinquency 426 S. Yellowstone Dr. Suite 250 Madison Wisconsin 53719 Ph: (608) 831-8882 Fx: (608) 831-6446 kjohnson@nccdcrc.org www.nccd-crc.org Please do not send any identifying or confidential information (such as names, birthdates, social security numbers) via e-mail. It is possible for third parties to intercept information transmitted in an e-mail. Identification numbers (such as case or referral numbers) may be included where necessary. Intercepting persons cannot use these numbers to identify a client unless they have access to the host application or database. -----Original Message----- From: bounce-37978917-6833781@list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-37978917-6833781@list.cornell.edu ] On Behalf Of Mitchell-Herzfeld, Susan (OCFS) Sent: Monday, August 29, 2011 6:46 PM To: Child Maltreatment Researchers Subject: RE: risk assessment tools CPS caseworkers across New York State have been using an actuarial risk assessment instrument since 2003. The RAI predicts the likelihood of recurrence of a substantiated child abuse and neglect report within two years with a high degree of accuracy. For example, over 70% of the families in the very high risk group had a substantiated report of child maltreatment within 2 years compared to less than 10% of the families in the low risk group. The RAI is designed to inform the decision regarding whether to open a case for child welfare services, regardless of whether the report ends up being substantiated or unfounded. The RAI is not intended to guide the decision whether to place a child in foster care. In NYS, the placement decision is based on a determination of imminent danger to the child, not on future risk of child maltreatment, which should be addressed by providing appropriate services to the family to reduce the risk. ________________________________ From: bounce-37974867-14489073@list.cornell.edu [bounce-37974867-14489073@list.cornell.edu ] On Behalf Of Dr. Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D PA [drborkosky@gmail.com ] Sent: Monday, August 29, 2011 10:34 AM To: Child Maltreatment Researchers Subject: Re: risk assessment tools I was wondering what the status of actuarial risk assessment tools is. BB On Thu, Aug 18, 2011 at 2:40 PM, katstar@fqstudio.net > >> wrote: I am researching risk assessment tools used by child abuse investigators and would appreciate copies of or information on where I can locate the instruments used by other states. Thank You, Katherine Barillas, Ph.D. Policy Fellow One Voice Texas/ChildBuilders kbarillas@childbuilders.org > Houston, Texas 713-480-3937 > -- Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D. PA 1800 Lakeview Drive Sebring, FL 33870 863-386-0276 304-8-Dr-Bruce (google voice) 800-919-9008 Fax 813-200-8450 Email DrBorkosky@Gmail.com This communication is confidential and privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please communicate the error immediately, and delete all copies. ________________________________ This communication, together with any attachments hereto or links contained herein, is for the sole use of the intended recipient(s) and may contain information that is confidential, privileged, or legally protected, and as such is not a public document. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any review, disclosure, copying, dissemination, distribution or use of this communication is STRICTLY PROHIBITED. If you have received this communication in error, please notify the sender immediately by return e-mail message and delete the original and all copies of the communication, along with any attachments hereto or links herein, from your system. -- Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D. PA 1800 Lakeview Drive Sebring, FL 33870 863-386-0276 304-8-Dr-Bruce (google voice) 800-919-9008 Fax 813-200-8450 Email DrBorkosky@Gmail.com This communication is confidential and privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please communicate the error immediately, and delete all copies.

I will check this out, thanks. I asked because the research I have seen so far permits an evaluator to rate/place a parent/family into a risk category (low, medium, hi). That's useful for a CPS worker who wants to assign services to a family. However, I am looking for information that a court appointed expert can use to 'get his teeth into', looking at the details of these instruments. For example, ---what is the positive predictive power of a "high score"? ---What is the inter-rater reliability of the instrument? --- what is the predictive validity, in terms of future abuse reports? --- what is the predictive validity, in terms of substantiation? --- what is the predictive validity, in terms of parenting plan compliance, and eventaul success/failure? ---sensitivity? ---specificity? These are the research-oriented questions that I haven't found answered (yet, anyway). Bruce On Wed, Aug 31, 2011 at 6:22 PM, Kristen Johnson > wrote: A number of other child welfare agencies in the U.S. and abroad use actuarial risk assessment in the way described in NY. Actuarial risk assessment is also useful as a guide for determining the intensity of service provision. As mentioned previously, risk assessment is not appropriate for making placement decisions. A full understanding of its strengths and limitations is necessary for determining appropriate use of the information (and appropriate research questions). CRC staff have conducted some validation studies (see http://www.nccd-crc.org/crc/crc/c_index_main.html, publications and newsletters for additional information about risk assessment), and the University of Iowa conducted a validation for the state child welfare agency for which we were consulted. You also may be interested in the following: Johnson, W. (2005). Effects of a research-based risk assessment on racial/ethnic disproportionality in service prevision decisions. In D. Derezotes, J. Poertner & M. F. Testa (Eds.), Race Matters in Child Welfare: The Overrepresentation of African American Children in the System. Washington, D.C.: CWLA. If you have any questions about the equity, validity and use of risk assessments, or would like citations regarding methodology, please feel free to contact me at any time. Kristen Johnson, Ph.D. The National Council on Crime & Delinquency 426 S. Yellowstone Dr. Suite 250 Madison Wisconsin 53719 Ph: (608) 831-8882 Fx: (608) 831-6446 kjohnsonnccdcrc.org www.nccd-crc.org Please do not send any identifying or confidential information (such as names, birthdates, social security numbers) via e-mail. It is possible for third parties to intercept information transmitted in an e-mail. Identification numbers (such as case or referral numbers) may be included where necessary. Intercepting persons cannot use these numbers to identify a client unless they have access to the host application or database. -----Original Message----- From: bounce-37978917-6833781list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-37978917-6833781list.cornell.edu ] On Behalf Of Mitchell-Herzfeld, Susan (OCFS) Sent: Monday, August 29, 2011 6:46 PM To: Child Maltreatment Researchers Subject: RE: risk assessment tools CPS caseworkers across New York State have been using an actuarial risk assessment instrument since 2003. The RAI predicts the likelihood of recurrence of a substantiated child abuse and neglect report within two years with a high degree of accuracy. For example, over 70% of the families in the very high risk group had a substantiated report of child maltreatment within 2 years compared to less than 10% of the families in the low risk group. The RAI is designed to inform the decision regarding whether to open a case for child welfare services, regardless of whether the report ends up being substantiated or unfounded. The RAI is not intended to guide the decision whether to place a child in foster care. In NYS, the placement decision is based on a determination of imminent danger to the child, not on future risk of child maltreatment, which should be addressed by providing appropriate services to the family to reduce the risk. ________________________________ From: bounce-37974867-14489073list.cornell.edu [bounce-37974867-14489073list.cornell.edu ] On Behalf Of Dr. Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D PA [drborkoskygmail.com ] Sent: Monday, August 29, 2011 10:34 AM To: Child Maltreatment Researchers Subject: Re: risk assessment tools I was wondering what the status of actuarial risk assessment tools is. BB On Thu, Aug 18, 2011 at 2:40 PM, katstarfqstudio.net > >> wrote: I am researching risk assessment tools used by child abuse investigators and would appreciate copies of or information on where I can locate the instruments used by other states. Thank You, Katherine Barillas, Ph.D. Policy Fellow One Voice Texas/ChildBuilders kbarillaschildbuilders.org > Houston, Texas 713-480-3937 > -- Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D. PA 1800 Lakeview Drive Sebring, FL 33870 863-386-0276 304-8-Dr-Bruce (google voice) 800-919-9008 Fax 813-200-8450 Email DrBorkoskyGmail.com This communication is confidential and privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please communicate the error immediately, and delete all copies. ________________________________ This communication, together with any attachments hereto or links contained herein, is for the sole use of the intended recipient(s) and may contain information that is confidential, privileged, or legally protected, and as such is not a public document. If you are not the intended recipient, you are hereby notified that any review, disclosure, copying, dissemination, distribution or use of this communication is STRICTLY PROHIBITED. If you have received this communication in error, please notify the sender immediately by return e-mail message and delete the original and all copies of the communication, along with any attachments hereto or links herein, from your system. -- Bruce G. Borkosky, Psy.D. PA 1800 Lakeview Drive Sebring, FL 33870 863-386-0276 304-8-Dr-Bruce (google voice) 800-919-9008 Fax 813-200-8450 Email DrBorkoskyGmail.com This communication is confidential and privileged. If you are not the intended recipient, please communicate the error immediately, and delete all copies.