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Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) List Serve

Database of Past CMRL Messages

Welcome to the database of past Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) list serve messages. The table below contains all past CMRL messages (text only, no attachments) from Nov. 20, 1996 - March 6, 2018 and is updated quarterly.

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Message ID: 8854
Date: 2011-05-24

Author:McLeod, Sandra

Subject:RE: Safety and Risk Assessments

Hello, Larry, In response to your request for information on how other states have addressed and/or developed safety assessments for CPS cases, ongoing cases, foster care, etc., I would like to draw your attention to the web section, Safety and Risk Assessment, on the website of Child Welfare Information Gateway at: http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/assessment/family_assess/safety.cfm; this section also includes links to State and local examples. For additional relevant resources, you may want to visit our online, searchable library collection available at: http://library.childwelfare.gov/cwig/ws/library/docs/gateway/SimpleSearchForm. Below is a sample of some selected resources that may be of particular interest to you: West Virginia Implements Integrated Safety System. Public Domain United States. Children's Bureau. 2010 Children's Bureau Express 11 (8) Describes the West Virginia Safety Assessment and Management System (SAMS) which is based on a comprehensive safety intervention model developed by ACTION for Child Protection, Inc. http://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=120&articleid=2994 Child Safety Constructs. Public Domain Iowa Children's Justice. 2010 Intended for judges in Iowa, this brief discusses how judges can ensure the safety of children while they are under court jurisdiction. It reviews principles of safety decision making, the safety assessment, and the family risk assessment. Safety constructs are explained and include threats of maltreatment, vulnerability, and protective capacities. Additional information is provided on what constitutes a safety concern and questions judges should ask during a hearing are recommended. Additional resources are also listed. http://www.iowacourts.gov/wfdata/files/ChildrensJustice/May2010newsletter.pdf Standard: Immediate Safety, Comprehensive, and Ongoing Assessment. Public Domain Idaho. Dept. of Health and Welfare. 2009 This standard will assist CFS staff in differentiating safety from risk, safety plans from service plans, and understand the purpose and process for using Immediate Safety Assessment, Comprehensive Assessment, and Reassessment instruments. (Author abstract modified) http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/Portals/0/Children/AdoptionFoster/CWStandard-ImmedSafetyComprehensive&OngoingAssessment.pdf Keywords: child protection child safety risk assessment idaho standards The Safety Assessment and Management Process Reference Manual. Public Domain The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Training Program CORE and Specialized and Related Curricula ; 204. Pennsylvania. Dept. of Public Welfare. University of Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania Child Welfare Training Program. 2009 This manual provides reference material regarding the Pennsylvania safety assessment and management process to assist the transfer of knowledge gained from training to actual child welfare casework practice. It begins by discussing efforts by Pennsylvania to address safety outcomes in the federal Child and Family Services Review and the development of Pennsylvania's safety assessment process. The relationship between safety and risk is explored, definitions of words used within the context of the safety assessment and management process are offered, and policy requirements for assessing and managing a child's safety as part of the casework process are explained. The following part of the manual describes methods for gathering information in six assessment domains: type of maltreatment, nature of the maltreatment, child functioning, adult functioning, general parenting, and parenting discipline. Steps for conducting an in-home safety assessment are reviewed, and examples of in-home safety threats are provided. Additional information is offered on protective factors, the safety analysis, in-home safety decisions, and safety plan management. The following part of the manual outlines the casework process, including the initial referral, assessment/investigation, status determination, in-home services, and the reunification process. Strategies that should be used for closing cases are also discussed. The final part of the manual discusses the supervisory role and responsibilities. 38 references. http://www.pacwcbt.pitt.edu/Curriculum/204_IntroSafetyAssessment&ManagementProcess/PA%20Safety%20Manual%206.19.09.pdf Keywords: workforce curricula safety assessment child protection management Pennsylvania And, lastly, while there are many reputable organizations that provide information and resources on safety/risk assessment (http://www.childwelfare.gov/organizations/search.cfm; see Family-Centered Practice- Family Assessment under the topics), the Children's Bureau Training and Technical Assistance (T/TA) Network includes the National Resource Center for Child Protective Services (NRCCPS).One of the key functions of the NRC is to assist States by providing expert consultation, technical assistance, and training in all areas of child protective services, including intake, assessment, case planning, ongoing safety management, ongoing services, and more. Please visit http://nrccps.org/ for more details and contact information. I hope that this information proves helpful to you. If I can be of further assistance to you, please let me know. Regards, Sandi Mc Sandi McLeod Child Welfare Technical Specialist Child Welfare Information Gateway A Service of the Children's Bureau/ACF/HHS Phone: 919.806.2353 Email: smcleod@childwelfare.gov Website: www.childwelfare.gov Free Subscriptions: http://www.childwelfare.gov/admin/subscribe/ May is National Foster Care Month: www.childwelfare.gov/fostercaremonth -----Original Message----- From: bounce-30548422-6834017@list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-30548422-6834017@list.cornell.edu] On Behalf Of Breitenstein, Larry D. Sent: Thursday, May 19, 2011 10:29 AM To: child-maltreatment-research-L@cornell.edu Subject: Safety and Risk Assessments I am working with county public child welfare directors in Pennsylvania. We are looking at how other states have addressed and/or developed safety assessments for CPS cases, ongoing cases, foster and/or residential care. We realize that in some states safety assessments are part of the larger overall risk assessment process. We are looking for approaches that have studied the validity and reliability of their instruments. In particular we are looking for models that have considered the "ease of use" of these safety assessments by staff with various levels of experience, caseloads, in both public and private agencies. If someone could direct me to research in this area I would be greatly appreciative. Larry Breitenstein Ph.D Slippery Rock University.

Hello, Larry, In response to your request for information on how other states have addressed and/or developed safety assessments for CPS cases, ongoing cases, foster care, etc., I would like to draw your attention to the web section, Safety and Risk Assessment, on the website of Child Welfare Information Gateway at: http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/assessment/family_assess/safety.cfm; this section also includes links to State and local examples. For additional relevant resources, you may want to visit our online, searchable library collection available at: http://library.childwelfare.gov/cwig/ws/library/docs/gateway/SimpleSearchForm. Below is a sample of some selected resources that may be of particular interest to you: West Virginia Implements Integrated Safety System. Public Domain United States. Children's Bureau. 2010 Children's Bureau Express 11 (8) Describes the West Virginia Safety Assessment and Management System (SAMS) which is based on a comprehensive safety intervention model developed by ACTION for Child Protection, Inc. http://cbexpress.acf.hhs.gov/index.cfm?event=website.viewArticles&issueid=120&articleid=2994 Child Safety Constructs. Public Domain Iowa Children's Justice. 2010 Intended for judges in Iowa, this brief discusses how judges can ensure the safety of children while they are under court jurisdiction. It reviews principles of safety decision making, the safety assessment, and the family risk assessment. Safety constructs are explained and include threats of maltreatment, vulnerability, and protective capacities. Additional information is provided on what constitutes a safety concern and questions judges should ask during a hearing are recommended. Additional resources are also listed. http://www.iowacourts.gov/wfdata/files/ChildrensJustice/May2010newsletter.pdf Standard: Immediate Safety, Comprehensive, and Ongoing Assessment. Public Domain Idaho. Dept. of Health and Welfare. 2009 This standard will assist CFS staff in differentiating safety from risk, safety plans from service plans, and understand the purpose and process for using Immediate Safety Assessment, Comprehensive Assessment, and Reassessment instruments. (Author abstract modified) http://www.healthandwelfare.idaho.gov/Portals/0/Children/AdoptionFoster/CWStandard-ImmedSafetyComprehensive&OngoingAssessment.pdf Keywords: child protection child safety risk assessment idaho standards The Safety Assessment and Management Process Reference Manual. Public Domain The Pennsylvania Child Welfare Training Program CORE and Specialized and Related Curricula ; 204. Pennsylvania. Dept. of Public Welfare. University of Pittsburgh. Pennsylvania Child Welfare Training Program. 2009 This manual provides reference material regarding the Pennsylvania safety assessment and management process to assist the transfer of knowledge gained from training to actual child welfare casework practice. It begins by discussing efforts by Pennsylvania to address safety outcomes in the federal Child and Family Services Review and the development of Pennsylvania's safety assessment process. The relationship between safety and risk is explored, definitions of words used within the context of the safety assessment and management process are offered, and policy requirements for assessing and managing a child's safety as part of the casework process are explained. The following part of the manual describes methods for gathering information in six assessment domains: type of maltreatment, nature of the maltreatment, child functioning, adult functioning, general parenting, and parenting discipline. Steps for conducting an in-home safety assessment are reviewed, and examples of in-home safety threats are provided. Additional information is offered on protective factors, the safety analysis, in-home safety decisions, and safety plan management. The following part of the manual outlines the casework process, including the initial referral, assessment/investigation, status determination, in-home services, and the reunification process. Strategies that should be used for closing cases are also discussed. The final part of the manual discusses the supervisory role and responsibilities. 38 references. http://www.pacwcbt.pitt.edu/Curriculum/204_IntroSafetyAssessment&ManagementProcess/PA%20Safety%20Manual%206.19.09.pdf Keywords: workforce curricula safety assessment child protection management Pennsylvania And, lastly, while there are many reputable organizations that provide information and resources on safety/risk assessment (http://www.childwelfare.gov/organizations/search.cfm; see Family-Centered Practice- Family Assessment under the topics), the Children's Bureau Training and Technical Assistance (T/TA) Network includes the National Resource Center for Child Protective Services (NRCCPS).One of the key functions of the NRC is to assist States by providing expert consultation, technical assistance, and training in all areas of child protective services, including intake, assessment, case planning, ongoing safety management, ongoing services, and more. Please visit http://nrccps.org/ for more details and contact information. I hope that this information proves helpful to you. If I can be of further assistance to you, please let me know. Regards, Sandi Mc Sandi McLeod Child Welfare Technical Specialist Child Welfare Information Gateway A Service of the Children's Bureau/ACF/HHS Phone: 919.806.2353 Email: smcleodchildwelfare.gov Website: www.childwelfare.gov Free Subscriptions: http://www.childwelfare.gov/admin/subscribe/ May is National Foster Care Month: www.childwelfare.gov/fostercaremonth -----Original Message----- From: bounce-30548422-6834017list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-30548422-6834017list.cornell.edu] On Behalf Of Breitenstein, Larry D. Sent: Thursday, May 19, 2011 10:29 AM To: child-maltreatment-research-Lcornell.edu Subject: Safety and Risk Assessments I am working with county public child welfare directors in Pennsylvania. We are looking at how other states have addressed and/or developed safety assessments for CPS cases, ongoing cases, foster and/or residential care. We realize that in some states safety assessments are part of the larger overall risk assessment process. We are looking for approaches that have studied the validity and reliability of their instruments. In particular we are looking for models that have considered the "ease of use" of these safety assessments by staff with various levels of experience, caseloads, in both public and private agencies. If someone could direct me to research in this area I would be greatly appreciative. Larry Breitenstein Ph.D Slippery Rock University.