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Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) List Serve

Database of Past CMRL Messages

Welcome to the database of past Child-Maltreatment-Research-L (CMRL) list serve messages. The table below contains all past CMRL messages (text only, no attachments) from Nov. 20, 1996 - March 6, 2018 and is updated quarterly.

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Message ID: 8009
Date: 2009-01-18

Author:DeanTongaol.com

Subject:Re: child trauma

This APA release http://www.apa.org/releases/spanking.html for the most part reinforces Gershoff's findings. It does allude to the fact that corporal punishment (Most true Christians insist on following-up corporal punishment with a hug of the child) does bring immediate child compliance. Dr. Straus and I, et al, argued our points on this very topic about 10 years ago at a conference in the beltway. I'm torn between the fairly strong empirical data that shows parents shouldn't administer slaps, whacks, et al for disciplinary reasons, and taking away parents' rights to control their children's behaviors so long as they don't leave "significant welts or bruises." And in my 25 years in this issue I've always told parents to only apply an open hand on the buttocks and to no other anatomical area and with no other tool (spoon, coat hanger, strap, belt, et al). Other alternative disciplinary measures such as "time out" or "taking away privileges" are not absolute remedies in controlling children's aberrant behaviors. And as someone who has consulted with thousands of families since 1984 on this very topic I always worry about giving more control to the State. In law, this is called in loco parentis or parens patriae. I'm certain our incoming Secretary of State, the author of the book "It Takes A Village," Hillary Clinton, would concur with Dr. Straus' findings herein. That said, is there still not a line of demarcation between the administration of corporal punishment and physical child abuse? Dean Tong Dean Tong, MSc., Forensic Trial Consultant 604 Brentwood Place Brandon, FL 33511 813.657.4930, Ph/Fax 813.417.5362, Cell 800.854.0735, Books/Media http://www.abuse-excuse.com http://www.DeanTong.com Read Dean Tong's articles online at www.newswithviews.com/Tong/deanA.htm Disclaimer: Dean Tong is not an attorney licensed to practice law. His professional opinion herein must not be construed as legal advice. And the recipient of this e-mail should always first query an attorney for professional legal advice. If you are not the intended recipient of this e-mail please delete the same. In a message dated 1/16/2009 9:57:42 A.M. Eastern Standard Time, murray.straus@unh.edu writes: Dear Todd & List: The most pervasive, and also the most ignored child trauma, is being hit by parents in the name of "discipline." Our national surveys and other studies have found that at least a third of parents hit infants -- typically a slap on the hand for touching something forbidden or dangerous or for repeatedly pushing food off a high chair tray. The percentage increases to over 90% for spanking or slapping toddlers. American culture (and most others) define this as harmless if done "in moderation" by loving parents. However, the empirical evidence indicates the harmlessness is a cultural myth. Below is a list of some of the studies providing the evidence indicating that being hit by parents is a traumatic experience for children, and that it has the typical effects of being a victim of a traumatic experience. All of the studies are available in the Corporal Punishment Papers section of my website http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2 These studies, which can be downloaded from my website, have found that more corporal punishment, the greater the probability of: * Post traumatic stress symptoms (paper CP67 - paper in preparation, but preliminary Power Point is on my website) * Slower than average growth in cognitive ability (paper CP51R) * Antisocial behavior (paper CP24) * Depressive symptoms (paper CP03) * Physical violence to dating and marital partners later in life (paper CP23) * A summary of longitudinal studies which help establish the causal direction (paper CP41) The "effect sizes" for the above are low, but because corporal punishment is experienced by over 90% of American children, the cumulative adverse effect on American children and American society is very large (see page 212 of attached paper CP41 on Benefits of Never Spanking). Also of interest may be the following on my website * National survey showing that 94% of parents hit toddlers, at least occasionally (paper CP36) * Article documenting the neglect in the scholarly literature of research showing harmful effects of corporal punishment (paper CP65) I also recommend the following excellent meta analysis: Gershoff, E. T. (2002). Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: A meta-analytic and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 539-579. Best, Murray Murray A. Straus Professor of Sociology and Co-Director Family Research Laboratory University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 603-862-2594 Fax: 603-862-1122 murray.straus@unh.edu Copies of many of my papers and some out-of-print books can be downloaded from my website http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2 . For information about the Family Research Laboratory, conferences, and bibliographies of publications by members of the laboratory log into www.unh.edu/frl From: bounce-3453666-6832966@list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-3453666-6832966@list.cornell.edu] On Behalf Of Todd McDonald Sent: 2009-01-12 11:12 To: child-maltreatment-research-l@list.cornell.edu Subject: child trauma List members, could someone point me towards some of the most recent empirical studies of child trauma? We recently purchased the child welfare trauma training toolkit, but would like our staff to read a few articles about trauma in advance. Todd McDonald Content-ID: Content-Type: image/jpeg; name="image001.jpg" Content-Disposition: inline;

This APA release http://www.apa.org/releases/spanking.html for the most part reinforces Gershoff's findings. It does allude to the fact that corporal punishment (Most true Christians insist on following-up corporal punishment with a hug of the child) does bring immediate child compliance. Dr. Straus and I, et al, argued our points on this very topic about 10 years ago at a conference in the beltway. I'm torn between the fairly strong empirical data that shows parents shouldn't administer slaps, whacks, et al for disciplinary reasons, and taking away parents' rights to control their children's behaviors so long as they don't leave "significant welts or bruises." And in my 25 years in this issue I've always told parents to only apply an open hand on the buttocks and to no other anatomical area and with no other tool (spoon, coat hanger, strap, belt, et al). Other alternative disciplinary measures such as "time out" or "taking away privileges" are not absolute remedies in controlling children's aberrant behaviors. And as someone who has consulted with thousands of families since 1984 on this very topic I always worry about giving more control to the State. In law, this is called in loco parentis or parens patriae. I'm certain our incoming Secretary of State, the author of the book "It Takes A Village," Hillary Clinton, would concur with Dr. Straus' findings herein. That said, is there still not a line of demarcation between the administration of corporal punishment and physical child abuse? Dean Tong Dean Tong, MSc., Forensic Trial Consultant 604 Brentwood Place Brandon, FL 33511 813.657.4930, Ph/Fax 813.417.5362, Cell 800.854.0735, Books/Media http://www.abuse-excuse.com http://www.DeanTong.com Read Dean Tong's articles online at www.newswithviews.com/Tong/deanA.htm Disclaimer: Dean Tong is not an attorney licensed to practice law. His professional opinion herein must not be construed as legal advice. And the recipient of this e-mail should always first query an attorney for professional legal advice. If you are not the intended recipient of this e-mail please delete the same. In a message dated 1/16/2009 9:57:42 A.M. Eastern Standard Time, murray.strausunh.edu writes: Dear Todd & List: The most pervasive, and also the most ignored child trauma, is being hit by parents in the name of "discipline." Our national surveys and other studies have found that at least a third of parents hit infants -- typically a slap on the hand for touching something forbidden or dangerous or for repeatedly pushing food off a high chair tray. The percentage increases to over 90% for spanking or slapping toddlers. American culture (and most others) define this as harmless if done "in moderation" by loving parents. However, the empirical evidence indicates the harmlessness is a cultural myth. Below is a list of some of the studies providing the evidence indicating that being hit by parents is a traumatic experience for children, and that it has the typical effects of being a victim of a traumatic experience. All of the studies are available in the Corporal Punishment Papers section of my website http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2 These studies, which can be downloaded from my website, have found that more corporal punishment, the greater the probability of: * Post traumatic stress symptoms (paper CP67 - paper in preparation, but preliminary Power Point is on my website) * Slower than average growth in cognitive ability (paper CP51R) * Antisocial behavior (paper CP24) * Depressive symptoms (paper CP03) * Physical violence to dating and marital partners later in life (paper CP23) * A summary of longitudinal studies which help establish the causal direction (paper CP41) The "effect sizes" for the above are low, but because corporal punishment is experienced by over 90% of American children, the cumulative adverse effect on American children and American society is very large (see page 212 of attached paper CP41 on Benefits of Never Spanking). Also of interest may be the following on my website * National survey showing that 94% of parents hit toddlers, at least occasionally (paper CP36) * Article documenting the neglect in the scholarly literature of research showing harmful effects of corporal punishment (paper CP65) I also recommend the following excellent meta analysis: Gershoff, E. T. (2002). Corporal punishment by parents and associated child behaviors and experiences: A meta-analytic and theoretical review. Psychological Bulletin, 128, 539-579. Best, Murray Murray A. Straus Professor of Sociology and Co-Director Family Research Laboratory University of New Hampshire, Durham, NH 03824 603-862-2594 Fax: 603-862-1122 murray.strausunh.edu Copies of many of my papers and some out-of-print books can be downloaded from my website http://pubpages.unh.edu/~mas2 . For information about the Family Research Laboratory, conferences, and bibliographies of publications by members of the laboratory log into www.unh.edu/frl From: bounce-3453666-6832966list.cornell.edu [mailto:bounce-3453666-6832966list.cornell.edu] On Behalf Of Todd McDonald Sent: 2009-01-12 11:12 To: child-maltreatment-research-llist.cornell.edu Subject: child trauma List members, could someone point me towards some of the most recent empirical studies of child trauma? We recently purchased the child welfare trauma training toolkit, but would like our staff to read a few articles about trauma in advance. Todd McDonald Content-ID: Content-Type: image/jpeg; name="image001.jpg" Content-Disposition: inline;